HISTORICAL ODDITIES PARTS 1 AND 2 SOURCES

Franks Hayes and Sweet Kiss

https://www.cnn.com/2018/12/10/sport/frank-hayes-sweet-kiss-belmont-park-intl-spt/index.html

Frank Hayes

https://www.nytimes.com/1923/06/05/archives/jockey-dies-as-he-wins-his-first-race-hayes-collapses-passing-the.html

Steeplechase History

https://www.britannica.com/sports/steeplechase-horse-racing

Jockey Weight Requirements

https://heavy.com/sports/2019/05/jockeys-height-weight-salary-names-best/

Royal Mail Steam Packet Company

http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/royalmail.shtml

British Pound Inflation Calculator

https://www.in2013dollars.com/uk/inflation/1911?amount=2.10

Sinking of the HMS Hawke

https://www.merseamuseum.org.uk/MMPDFs/HMS%20HAWKE.pdf

HMHS Britannic

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Britannic

Violet Jessop’s Memoirs

Jessop, V. (2012). Titanic survivor. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Sheridan House.

Violet Jessop

https://www.encyclopedia-titanica.org/titanic-survivor/violet-constance-jessop.html

https://www.thevintagenews.com/2017/04/13/violet-jessop-the-nurse-who-survived-all-three-disasters-aboard-the-sister-ships-the-titanic-britannic-and-olympic/

Baboon Image Comparison Study

https://www.cbsnews.com/news/baboons-smarter-than-we-thought/

https://psychology.uiowa.edu/sites/psychology.uiowa.edu/files/groups/wasserman/files/apaBaboonAbs.pdf

Baboon Numerical Comparison Study

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/05/130503132719.htm

Jack the Baboon

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/559031/signalman-jack-baboon-worked-railroad-south-africa

https://www.vintag.es/2020/09/jack-the-baboon.html#:~:text=Although%20the%20baboon%20was%20always%20under%20the%20eye,witnessed%20his%20unusual%20feat%20of%20operating%20railway%20signals.

Paul Hentzner’s 1598 book in reprint:

HENTZNER, P. (2016). Paul hentzner's travels in england, during the reign of queen elizabeth (classic reprint). Place of publication not identified: FORGOTTEN Books.

Lake Havasu

https://www.americansouthwest.net/arizona/lake-havasu/index.html#:~:text=Lake%20Havasu%2C%20the%20southernmost%20of%20four%20large%20reservoirs,a%20then%20uninhabited%20part%20of%20the%20Mojave%20Desert.

https://www.usclimatedata.com/climate/lake-havasu-city/arizona/united-states/usaz0372

https://www.latimes.com/travel/la-tr-travel-arizona-lake-havasu-marks-hottest-day-ever-20190614-htmlstory.html

https://www.golakehavasu.com/london-bridge#:~:text=The%20inside%20of%20the%20bridge%20is%20hollow%20because,the%20structure%20in%20order%20to%20accommodate%20auto%20traffic.

London Bridge

https://www.history.com/news/how-london-bridge-ended-up-in-arizona

https://study.com/academy/lesson/london-bridge-in-arizona-history-facts.html

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Old-London-Bridge

Six Million Dollar Man

https://www.imdb.com/title/tt0071054/

Elmer McCurdy

https://www.investigationdiscovery.com/crimefeed/crime-history/mummified-corpse-of-old-west-outlaw-elmer-mccurdy-discovered

https://www.snopes.com/fact-check/dead-man-gawking/

https://www.ripleys.com/weird-news/elmer-mccurdy/

https://www.npr.org/2015/01/09/376097471/the-long-strange-60-year-trip-of-elmer-mccurdy

BESSIE COLEMAN: A LEGEND IN FLIGHT SOURCES

https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/flygirls-bessie-coleman/

https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/bessie-coleman

https://www.nationalaviation.org/our-enshrinees/coleman-bessie/

https://www.nytimes.com/2019/12/11/obituaries/bessie-coleman-overlooked.html

http://www.bessiecoleman.org/wills-coleman.php

http://theoklahomaeagle.net/2018/02/16/an-original-fly-girl/

1892 Events

https://www.onthisday.com/events/date/1892

Wright Brothers

https://www.nps.gov/wrbr/learn/historyculture/thefirstflight.htm

Air Warfare

https://www.britannica.com/topic/air-warfare

Air Travel History

https://airandspace.si.edu/exhibitions/america-by-air/online/heyday/heyday11.cfm

Oklahoma History

https://www.archives.gov/legislative/features/oklahoma

https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=LA021

https://www.okhistory.org/publications/enc/entry.php?entry=FI009

WW1

https://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i-history#:~:text=World%20War%20I%2C%20also%20known,Europe%20that%20lasted%20until%201918.

http://www.centre-robert-schuman.org/userfiles/files/REPERES%20%E2%80%93%20module%201-1-1%20-%20explanatory%20notes%20%E2%80%93%20World%20War%20I%20casualties%20%E2%80%93%20EN.pdf

History of Women in Flight

https://www.thoughtco.com/women-in-aviation-timeline-3528458

Robert Abbott and the Chicago Defender

https://www.pbs.org/blackpress/news_bios/defender.html

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Robert-S-Abbott

Jesse Binga

https://chicago.suntimes.com/business/2019/11/15/20948399/jesse-binga-black-banker-chicago-segregation-south-side-don-hayner

Shuffle Along

https://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/harlem/themes/shuffle_along.html

JN-4

https://www.glennhcurtissmuseum.org/the-jenny.php

Amelia Earhart’s International pilot’s License

https://npg.si.edu/exhibit/earhart/pop-ups/02.html

Ida B. Wells

https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ida-B-Wells-Barnett

Transatlantic Transpiration

https://theconversation.com/longing-for-the-golden-age-of-air-travel-be-careful-what-you-wish-for-34177#:~:text=After%20jets%20were%20introduced%20in,hours%20by%20the%20early%201960s.

https://transportgeography.org/contents/chapter1/emergence-of-mechanized-transportation-systems/liner-transatlantic-crossing-time/

https://www.rmg.co.uk/discover/behind-the-scenes/blog/18th-century-sailing-times-between-english-channel-and-coast-america 

THE SHARK ATTACKS OF 1916 SOURCES

Shark Species NOAA Info

https://oceantoday.noaa.gov/endoceansharks/#:~:text=There%20are%20more%20than%20450,all%20different%20colors%20and%20sizes.

UN Costal Population Statistics

https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/wp-content/uploads/2017/05/Ocean-fact-sheet-package.pdf

Shark Deaths-Smithsonian

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/state-sharks-40-years-after-jaws-180952309/

World’s Deadliest Animals

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-animals-that-kill-most-humans.html

Snake Deaths Worldwide

https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/snakebite-envenoming#:~:text=Around%2081%20000%20to%20138,are%20caused%20by%20snakebites%20annually.

2020 Shark Attack Info

https://www.washingtonpost.com/health/sharks-killed-more-people-in-2020-but-attacks-remained-extremely-low-florida-study-says/2021/01/29/628b029c-6012-11eb-9430-e7c77b5b0297_story.html

https://www.floridamuseum.ufl.edu/shark-attacks/yearly-worldwide-summary/#:~:text=Global%20total%20of%20unprovoked%20shark,were%20confirmed%20to%20be%20unprovoked.

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/sharkseat.html#:~:text=Sharks%20have%20been%20known%20to,than%20we%20do%20of%20them.

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/article/150702-shark-attack-jersey-shore-1916-great-white

https://www.livingsharks.org/1916

https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/retropolis/wp/2017/05/31/blood-in-the-water-four-dead-a-coast-terrified-and-the-birth-of-modern-shark-mania/

https://www.businessinsider.com/jaws-movie-inspiration-deadly-new-jersey-attacks-2019-8#:~:text=The%20movie%20'Jaws'%20was%20inspired,shark%20that%20killed%20four%20people&text=In%201916%2C%20four%20people%20%E2%80%94%20including,along%20the%20New%20Jersey%20shore.

https://www.ripleys.com/weird-news/real-life-jaws/

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-shark-attacks-that-were-the-inspiration-for-jaws-15220260/

Charles Vansant Grave and Obituary

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/20471069/charles-epting-vansant#view-photo=189827305

Sharks and Brackish Water

https://usa.oceana.org/blog/could-shark-live-lake#:~:text=Secondly%2C%20most%20sharks%20can%20only,tiger%20sharks%2C%20and%20hammerhead%20sharks.&text=These%20are%20the%20only%20purely%20freshwater%20sharks%20that%20have%20been%20discovered.

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/heres-why-sharks-prefer-salt-water-180953985/

Peter Benchley

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2006-feb-13-me-benchley13-story.html

STEALING THE MONA LISA SOURCES:

The Mona Lisa

https://www.britannica.com/topic/Mona-Lisa-painting

https://www.reference.com/world-view/much-mona-lisa-worth-today-ea19afd66638ea57

https://www.theguardian.com/world/2005/may/01/italy.arts#:~:text=Da%20Vinci%20began%20the%20Mona,was%20not%20satisfied%20with%20it.

https://www.louvre.fr/en/explore/the-palace/from-the-mona-lisa-to-the-wedding-feast-at-cana

https://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2011/aug/05/mona-lisa-theft-louvre-leonardo

https://www.britannica.com/story/why-is-the-mona-lisa-so-famous#:~:text=The%20Mona%20Lisa's%20fame%20is,then%20novel%20three%2Dquarter%20pose.

https://www.openculture.com/2011/08/the_adoration_of_the_mona_lisa_begins_with_theft.html

https://www.npr.org/2011/07/30/138800110/the-theft-that-made-the-mona-lisa-a-masterpiece

https://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/mona_lisa/mlevel_1/mtimeline.html

https://www.pbs.org/treasuresoftheworld/mona_lisa/mlevel_2/mlevel2_trial.html

Mona Lisa is Missing Documentary Page:

https://www.monalisamissing.com/

DaVinci

https://www.biography.com/artist/leonardo-da-vinci

Mona Lisa Security

https://www.artforum.com/news/woman-throws-mug-at-mona-lisa-23437

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-france-mona-lisa/mona-lisas-smile-a-touch-clearer-through-louvres-new-protective-glass-idUSKBN1WN1T3

A VICTORIAN MURDER MOST FOUL SOURCES: 

Kate Webster

https://www.nytimes.com/1879/07/30/archives/kate-webster-hanged-in-england-the-story-of-the-murder-of-mrs.html

https://www.irishpost.com/news/ten-facts-kate-webster-irish-maid-hanged-dismembering-employer-victorian-london-131185

https://www.mentalfloss.com/article/505155/barnes-mystery-twisted-tale-maids-murder-and-mistaken-identity

Trial of Kate Webster, 1925

https://catalog.libraries.psu.edu/catalog/6053694

Anti-Irish Sentiment in Victorian England

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/albion/article/abs/anticatholicism-antiirish-stereotyping-and-anticeltic-racism-in-midvictorian-workingclass-periodicals/5F6AD7EC7FD9C9FA534CA62F05E445D2

Wandsworth Prison

https://www.oldpolicecellsmuseum.org.uk/content/history/local-historians-history/david-rowland/prisons-david-rowland/wandsworth_prison_london

Kate Webster’s Burial

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/72919002/kate-webster

Kate Webster and the Media

https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/220157524.pdf

Julia Thomas’s Head

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-london-14034969

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2011513/Skull-David-Attenboroughs-garden-murder-victim-Julia-Martha-Thomas.html

ESCAPE FROM THE AMAZON SOURCES:

Juliane Koepcke

https://www.nzherald.co.nz/travel/how-german-teenager-juliane-koepcke-become-the-sole-survivor-of-a-fatal-plane-crash/C6M3KFEMEFAWWS4IBZUQW6LCD4/

https://panguana.de/about-us/juliane-diller/?lang=en

https://thevalemagazine.com/2020/04/08/juliane-koepcke-survivor-plane-crash/

https://historydaily.org/the-double-survival-miracle-of-juliane-koepcke

https://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-17476615

https://web.archive.org/web/20180225140559/http://www.cnn.com/2009/WORLD/europe/07/02/germany.aircrash.survivor/index.html

Aviation Statistics

https://www.reuters.com/article/us-airlines-safety/aviation-deaths-rise-worldwide-in-2020-even-as-fatal-incidents-flights-fall-idUSKBN2962O6

Maria Koepcke

https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/Servat.pdf

Hans-Wilhelm Koepcke

https://sora.unm.edu/sites/default/files/journals/on/v013n02/p0215-p0218.pdf

Lockheed L-188 Electra

https://aerocorner.com/aircraft/lockheed-l-188-electra/

Alan Magee and Vensa Vulovic

https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2018/08/24/641395468/surviving-a-big-fall

Vensa Vulovic Guinness Book of World Records

https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/highest-fall-survived-without-parachute

Amazon Wildlife

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/venomous-snakes-of-the-amazon-basin.html

https://www.britannica.com/list/7-crocodilian-species-that-are-dangerous-to-humans

https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/the-most-dangerous-animals-of-the-amazon-rainforest.html

THE DISSAPPEARANCE OF GLEN AND BESSIE HYDE SOURCES:

Glen and Bessie Hyde’s Disappearance

https://library.nau.edu/speccoll/exhibits/daysofarchives/mystery.html

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2001-jun-29-cl-16386-story.html

https://grcahistory.org/sites/colorado-river-corridor/hyde-river-tragedy/

https://charleyproject.org/case/bessie-louise-haley-hyde

https://azdailysun.com/sunk-without-a-trace/article_c8671ed5-443b-568e-a91f-a1922a6a8ba2.html

https://legacy.npr.org/programs/morning/features/2001/aug/grandcanyon/010823.grandcanyon.html

The Grand Canyon

https://www.nps.gov/grca/index.htm

https://explorethecanyon.com/the-real-age-of-the-grand-canyon/

https://www.nps.gov/grca/learn/nature/grca-geology.htm

https://www.nps.gov/grca/learn/nature/weather.htm

https://www.outdoorproject.com/articles/how-hike-grand-canyon-tips-beginners-and-experts

White Water Rapid Stats

https://www.oars.com/blog/10-of-the-worlds-best-whitewater-rapids/

https://www.grandcanyonwhitewater.com/scouting-lava-falls-rapid/#:~:text=Lava%20Falls%2C%20you%20can%20hear,rapid%20scale%20of%201%2D10.&text=To%20an%20untrained%20eye%2C%20this,look%20just%20like%20total%20chaos.

https://www.nrs.com/learn/rapid-difficulty-ratings

https://www.advantagegrandcanyon.com/different-class-levels-rafting-colorado-river/

Arizona Biodiversity

https://www.americansouthwest.net/arizona/san-francisco-peaks/index.html

https://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/Rare_Plants/profiles/TEP/packera_franciscana/index.shtml

https://ecos.fws.gov/ecp0/profile/speciesProfile?spcode=Q21L

https://www.arizonamuseumofnaturalhistory.org/explore-the-museum/exhibitions/arizona-through-time

https://www.flagstaff.com/dinosaur-tracks

https://www.nbcnews.com/id/wbna18397911

Indigenous Peoples of the Grand Canyon

https://www.grandcanyontrust.org/info/navajo-national-monument

https://www.mygrandcanyonpark.com/park/native-americans/native-american-tribes/

https://www.grandcanyontrust.org/info/hualapai

https://www.nps.gov/grca/learn/historyculture/associated-tribes.htm  

Western Explorers in the Grand Canyon

https://www.nps.gov/grca/learn/historyculture/explorers.htm

John Wesley Powell

https://www.mygrandcanyonpark.com/park/history/john-wesley-powell/

https://www.outsideonline.com/2304721/john-wesley-powells-perilous-journey-down-colorado#:~:text=The%20Colorado%20River%20Exploring%20Expedition,in%20what%20is%20now%20Utah.  

https://geology.utah.gov/map-pub/survey-notes/powell-1869-river-journey/

https://www.historynet.com/john-wesley-powell-mapping-the-colorado-river.htm

Grand Canyon Speed Records and Routes

https://www.outsideonline.com/2051171/how-grand-canyon-speed-record-was-broken-twice-three-days

https://www.mensjournal.com/adventure/nonstop-speed/

https://www.advantagegrandcanyon.com/rafting-route-options/

Death in the Grand Canyon

https://www.mygrandcanyonpark.com/park/faqs/falling-to-death-grand-canyon/

Grand Canyon Hiking and Trails

https://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/day-hiking.htm

https://www.mygrandcanyonpark.com/park/national-park-maps/grand-canyon-overview-map/

https://www.nps.gov/grca/planyourvisit/trail-distances.htm

Emery Kolb

https://library.nau.edu/speccoll/exhibits/daysofarchives/film.html

Grand Canyon Village/Hermit Creek

https://www.visitarizona.com/places/cities/grand-canyon-village/

https://www.us-parks.com/grand-canyon-national-park/hermit-creek.html

Kolb Skeleton

https://www.williamsnews.com/news/2009/apr/21/museum-collection-helps-with-cold-case/?templates=mobile

Killer Fang Falls Rapid

https://www.riverbrain.com/river_rapid/show/296

Bessie Impersonators

https://www.abqjournal.com/go/422006go08-23-01.htm

https://library.nau.edu/speccoll/exhibits/grand-canyon-100/index.php/hyde/

https://www.bikeraft.com/wild-woman-whitewater-story-georgie-white/

THE SCORPION KING SOURCES:

Prehistoric Egypt

https://www.thegreatcoursesdaily.com/ancient-egyptian-tools-building-civilizations/

https://theconversation.com/who-were-the-mysterious-neolithic-people-that-enabled-the-rise-of-ancient-egypt-heres-what-weve-learned-on-our-digs-121070

Dynastic Egypt

https://www.livescience.com/55578-egyptian-civilization.html

https://www.historyextra.com/period/ancient-egypt/when-did-ancient-egypt-start-and-end/

https://www.worldhistory.org/First_Dynasty_of_Egypt/

History of Egypt Podcast

https://www.egyptianhistorypodcast.com/episode-i-a-infinite-waters/

Egypt’s Stone Circle

https://www.discovermagazine.com/planet-earth/egyptian-stonehenge

Egyptian Beer

https://blog.britishmuseum.org/a-sip-of-history-ancient-egyptian-beer/

Ancient Egyptian Life Expectancy

https://blogs.ucl.ac.uk/researchers-in-museums/2015/03/02/old-age-in-ancient-egypt/

Upper and Lower Egypt

https://carnegiemnh.org/egypt-and-the-nile/

Hierakonpolis

http://www.hierakonpolis-online.org/

Scorpion’s Mace Head

http://www.ancient-egypt.org/history/early-dynastic-period/1st-dynasty/horus-narmer/narmer-artefacts/scorpion-macehead.html

https://joyofmuseums.com/museums/united-kingdom-museums/ashmolean/scorpion-macehead/

Abydos

https://egyptianmuseum.org/explore/new-kingdom-monuments-abydos-the-temple-of-seti

https://www.livescience.com/25738-abydos.html

King to Pharaoh

https://www.britannica.com/topic/pharaoh

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/pharaohs/

Scorpion’s Tomb

https://www.historyofinformation.com/detail.php?id=3428

https://www.latimes.com/archives/la-xpm-2002-apr-15-sci-scorpion15-story.html

https://www.businessinsider.com/scorpion-king-real-heres-what-this-explorer-found-tomb-rock-2017-6

Early Egyptian Writing

https://www.archaeology.org/news/5677-170622-egypt-rock-art

https://www.bl.uk/history-of-writing/articles/where-did-writing-begin#

THE MONTE VISTA: WHERE HISTORY MEETS LORE SOURCES:

The Monte Vista

https://hotelmontevista.com/about/

Flagstaff Census Info

https://www.census.gov/search-results.html?searchType=web&cssp=SERP&q=Flagstaff%20city,%20AZ

Arizona Volcanic Activity

https://www.territorysupply.com/sunset-crater-volcano-facts

https://www.nps.gov/sucr/faqs.htm

Flagstaff General Info

https://pinecanyon.net/amenities/flagstaff/

https://www.flagstaffarizona.org/things-to-do/arts-culture/culture-heritage/

https://www.history.com/topics/us-states/arizona

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pluto-discovered#:~:text=Pluto%20discovered%20Pluto%2C%20once%20believed%20to%20be%20the,in%20Flagstaff%2C%20Arizona%2C%20by%20astronomer%20Clyde%20W.%20Tombaugh.

Zane Gray

https://www.bookseriesinorder.com/zane-grey/

https://www.imdb.com/name/nm0340719/

Hotel Weatherford

https://weatherfordhotel.com/about-us/

https://weatherfordhotel.com/history/

Flagstaff’s Underground Tunnels

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kBIcgACH7H0

https://azdailysun.com/flaglive/cover_story/into-the-underground-a-fool-s-journey-through-the-tunnels-of-flagstaff/article_8be51bf9-68e3-550c-a2df-1b9b5893c2a3.html

Prohibition

https://www.thoughtco.com/history-of-prohibition-1779250#:~:text=Prohibition%20was%20a%20period%20of%20nearly%2014%20years,which%20even%20the%20average%20citizen%20broke%20the%20law.

Route 66

https://ncptt.nps.gov/rt66/history-and-significance-of-us-route-66/

Mary Costigan

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/data/batches/az_jeddito_ver01/data/sn87062055/00414218076/1927102801/0638.pdf

https://azdailysun.com/entertainment/forging-the-businesses-of-flagstaff-the-impact-of-marianna-herman-and-mary-costigan/article_71fe48ee-82c3-59b8-809a-7df61207b2a0.html

https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/data/batches/az_jeddito_ver01/data/sn87062055/00414218076/1927102801/0638.pdf

Flagstaff Freaky Foot Tours

https://www.freakyfoottours.com/

MARGORIE COURTENAY-LATIMER AND THE COELACANTH SOURCES

The Coelacanth

https://allthatsinteresting.com/coelacanth

https://www.thoughtco.com/coelacanths-worlds-only-living-extinct-fish-1093326

https://www.britannica.com/animal/coelacanth

https://ocean.si.edu/ocean-life/fish/coelacanth

https://australian.museum/learn/animals/fishes/coelacanth-latimeria-chalumnae-smith-1939/

Marjorie Courtenay-Latimer

https://www.nytimes.com/2004/06/07/world/marjorie-courtenay-latimer-naturalist-is-dead-at-97.html

https://www.theguardian.com/news/2004/may/21/guardianobituaries

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/1930s-curator-discovered-living-fossil-well-sort-180967616/

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HJ3yLh_CYg4

How Little We Know About Earth’s Oceans

https://oceanservice.noaa.gov/facts/exploration.html#:~:text=How%20much%20of%20the%20ocean%20have%20we%20explored%3F,learned%20from%20exploring%20the%20mysteries%20of%20the%20deep.

https://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2013/06/unfathomable-how-much-we-dont-know-about-the-ocean/277328/

The Chicxulub Impact

https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20170918-what-if-the-dinosaurs-hadnt-died-out

https://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2021/02/new-theory-behind-asteroid-that-killed-the-dinosaurs/

https://www.icr.org/article/chicxulub-demise-dinosaurs/

Lungfishes

https://www.livescience.com/59987-lungfish-hibernate-underground-nsf-video.html#:~:text=Lungfish%20estivation%20lasts%20until%20enough%20rain%20accumulates%20for,years%2C%20according%20to%20%22The%20Biology%20of%20Lungfishes%22%20authors.

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/media/west-african-lungfish/

https://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Lungfish

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/lobe-finned-fish

Ocean’s Twilight Zone

https://www.whoi.edu/know-your-ocean/ocean-topics/ocean-life/ocean-twilight-zone

Dr. Mark Erdmann

https://www.conservation.org/experts-list/mark-erdmann-phd

600 YEARS OF ANIMALS PUT ON TRIAL SOURCES:

Hartlepool’s Monkey

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-tees-40801937

The Basel Rooster

https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-009-6331-3_13

Gynandomorph Cardinals

https://phys.org/news/2015-01-publishes-bilateral-gynandromorph-bird-wild.html

https://www.livescience.com/64831-cardinal-gynandromorph.html

Gynandomorphs

https://sciencesnaps.wordpress.com/2013/03/19/gynandromorphs/

https://www.naturalhistorymag.com/features/243168/gynandromorphism

https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/agricultural-and-biological-sciences/gynandromorphs

https://daily.jstor.org/the-mysterious-gynandromorph/

E.P. Evans The Criminal Prosecution and Capital Punishment of Animals

https://archive.org/details/criminalprosecut00evaniala/page/n9/mode/2up

Animals on Trial

https://www.history.co.uk/articles/the-law-is-an-ass-8-famous-animal-trials-from-history

https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-truth-and-myth-behind-animal-trials-of-the-middle-ages

The Pig of Savigny

https://www.historytoday.com/archive/natural-histories/pigs-might-try

https://daily.jstor.org/when-societies-put-animals-on-trial/

Mary the Elephant

https://vintagenewsdaily.com/the-tragic-story-of-mary-the-elephant-who-was-hanged-for-murder-in-1916/

Asiatic Elephants

https://wildlifesos.org/chronological-news/difference-between-tusks-and-tushes-in-asian-elephants/

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/facts/asian-elephant

https://www.worldwildlife.org/stories/what-s-the-difference-between-asian-and-african-elephants-and-10-other-elephant-facts

Katya the Kazakhstan Bear

https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-7696233/Brown-bear-sentenced-time-human-jail-freed-live-zoo.html

https://allthatsinteresting.com/ekaterina-katya

HULDA OF BOHEMIA: THE "WITCH" OF SLEEPY HOLLOW SOURCES:

Bacon, Edgar Mayhew. Chronicles of Tarrytown and Sleepy Hollow. By Edgar Mayhew Bacon. G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1897, 1897.

Kruk, Jonathan. Legends and Lore of Sleepy Hollow and the Hudson Valley. Charleston, Sc, History Press, 2011.

Sleepy Hollow History

https://www.sleepyhollowny.gov/discover-sleepy-hollow-ny/pages/history-of-the-village

https://www.historyisfun.org/blog/the-legend-of-sleepy-hollow/

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow History

https://www.history.com/news/legend-sleepy-hollow-headless-horseman

Bohemia

https://www.britannica.com/place/Bohemia

The Real Ichabod Crane

https://www.nytimes.com/2015/10/18/nyregion/who-was-the-real-ichabod-crane.html

Major Andre

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/benedict-accomplice-hanged

Witch’s Spring Trail

https://www.hikingproject.com/trail/7029773/witchs-spring-trail

Spook Rock Trail

https://www.hikingproject.com/trail/7029774/spook-rock-trail

The Legend of Sleepy Hollow Full Text

https://www.owleyes.org/text/legend-sleepy-hollow/read/legend-sleepy-hollow#root-74477-28

Sleepy Hollow’s Old Dutch Church

https://visitsleepyhollow.com/old-dutch-church/

Hulda’s Grave Marker

https://theolddutchchurch.blog/2019/11/21/mother_hulda/

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/206273192/hulda-of_bohemia

THE RAVEN SOURCES:

https://poets.org/poem/raven

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/the-raven-is-published

The Raven Read by James Earl Jones

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WcqPQXqQXzI

WHEN HISTORY FALLS FROM THE SKY SOURCES:

Meteorites

https://solarsystem.nasa.gov/asteroids-comets-and-meteors/meteors-and-meteorites/in-depth/

https://www.britannica.com/story/whats-the-difference-between-a-meteoroid-a-meteor-and-a-meteorite

King Tutankhamun’s Tomb and Dagger

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/thisday/nov4/king-tuts-tomb-discovered/

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/archaeologist-opens-tomb-of-king-tut

https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/maps.12664 

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/king-tuts-dagger-was-made-meteorite-180959294/

https://www.history.com/news/researchers-say-king-tuts-dagger-was-made-from-a-meteorite

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/the-ancient-egyptians-had-iron-because-they-harvested-fallen-meteors-86153874/#:~:text=Iron%20production%20requires%20temperatures%20of%20around%201%2C100%E2%80%941%2C150%20%C2%B0C.,after%20the%20estimated%20date%20of%20the%20iron%20beads.

X-ray fluorescence (XRF) spectrometry

https://serc.carleton.edu/research_education/geochemsheets/techniques/XRF.html

Ann Elizabeth Hodges Gravesite

https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/43549421/ann-elizabeth-hodges

Valera Meteorite-Christie’s

https://www.christies.com/en/lot/lot-5987687  

1888 Meteorite Impact

https://phys.org/news/2020-04-terrible-luck-person-meteoriteback.html

The Chelyabinsk Meteorite 

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JB2eoQfOGBA

Ann Hodges and Her Meteorite

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/science/article/130220-russia-meteorite-ann-hodges-science-space-hit

https://www.nydailynews.com/news/national/meteorite-strikes-woman-alabama-1954-article-1.2450664

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smithsonian-institution/1954-extraterrestrial-bruiser-shocked-alabama-woman-180973646/

Meteor Crater

https://meteorcrater.com/attraction/discovery-center-space-museum/

Tom Lynch and the Basket Meteorite

https://azdailysun.com/news/meteorite-lands-back-home/article_1b500683-33b7-5492-a426-640866caba39.html

https://www.upi.com/Top_News/2009/03/24/Meteorite-returns-to-Arizona/53111237938828/

THE 1904 OLYMPIC MARATHON: HISTORY’S MOST RIDICULOUS RACE SOURCES:

The 1904 Marathon

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/the-1904-olympic-marathon-may-have-been-the-strangest-ever-14910747/

https://www.runnersworld.com/runners-stories/a37039437/1904-olympic-marathon/

The 1904 Olympics

https://olympics.com/en/olympic-games/st-louis-1904

https://www.history.com/news/8-unusual-facts-about-the-1904-st-louis-olympics

https://www.britannica.com/event/St-Louis-1904-Olympic-Games

Olympic History

https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/history/article/first-olympics

https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-modern-olympic-games

https://olympics.com/ioc/ancient-olympic-games

https://olympics.com/ioc/ancient-olympic-games/history

Women in the Olympic Games

https://olympics.com/ioc/faq/history-and-origin-of-the-games/when-did-women-first-compete-in-the-olympic-games

Tokyo Olympics

https://olympics.com/en/olympic-games/tokyo-2020

First Winter Games

https://www.britannica.com/sports/Olympic-Games/History-of-the-Olympic-Winter-Games

1904 World’s Fair

https://mohistory.org/exhibitsLegacy/Fair/WF/HTML/Overview/

https://www.theatlantic.com/photo/2019/09/the-1904-st-louis-worlds-fair-photos/597658/

Louisiana Purchase

https://history.house.gov/Historical-Highlights/1800-1850/The-Louisiana-Purchase/

First Marathon

https://olympics.com/en/olympic-games/athens-1896/results/athletics/marathon-men

https://www.uh.edu/engines/epi3080.htm

Water During a Marathon

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/01/080109195002.htm

HANS TRAPP THE CHRISTMAS SCARECROW SOURCES:

The Palatinate

https://www.britannica.com/place/Palatinate

Thilo von Trotha

https://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/bishop/btrotha.html

Hereditary Fiefs

https://www.britannica.com/topic/vassal

Berwartstein Castle

http://burgberwartstein.de/die-burg/

https://www.spottinghistory.com/view/5152/berwartstein-castle/

Grafendahn Castle

https://www.spottinghistory.com/view/5057/grafendahn-castle/

Hans Von Trotha

https://www.ripleys.com/weird-news/hans-trapp/

https://coolinterestingstuff.com/the-mystery-of-the-christmas-scarecrow

Robber Barons

https://www.thoughtco.com/robber-baron-definition-1773342

List of Popes

https://ucatholic.com/resources/list-of-the-popes-of-the-catholic-church/

Podbean App

Play this podcast on Podbean App